Marijuana


Fast Facts

Talking With Your Children and Teens About Marijuana

What is Cannabidiol (CBD)?

Additional Resources 

Fast Facts

  • The main psychoactive chemical in marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly referred to as THC.
  • THC acts upon specific sites of the brain that ultimately lead to the “high” that users experience, including areas of the brain that influence pleasure, memory, thinking, concentration, sensory and time perception, coordinated movement and judgement. 
    • No amount of marijuana use during adolescence is known to be safe. Until and unless more is known about the long-term impact, the safest choice for adolescents is not to use marijuana.
    • It is unsafe safe for anyone to drive while under the influence of marijuana.
    • One in five youth that use marijuana become addicted.
    • The risks of physical dependence, addiction, and other negative consequences increase with exposure to high concentrations of THC. Higher doses of THC are also more likely to produce anxiety, agitation, paranoia, and psychosis.
    • Edible marijuana takes time to absorb and to produce its effects, increasing the risk of unintentional overdose, as well as accidental ingestion, by children and adolescents.
    • Marijuana use is linked to risk for and early onset of psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia. The risk for psychotic disorders increases with frequency of use and potency of the marijuana product. 
    • Adolescent marijuana use is associated with the use and abuse of other substances.
    • Chronic marijuana use has been linked to declines in IQ, school performance, and self-reported quality of life. Studies also consistently show that individuals that use marijuana are less likely to graduate from high school or college and more likely to be unemployed. 

    Talking With Your Children and Teens About Marijuana

    • Focus on one goal: You do not want them to use.
    • Stick to simple, straightforward arguments:
      • Marijuana makes it harder for your brain to make
        good decisions.
      • Marijuana reduces motivation and increases
        impulsivity.
      • For some people, once they start using
        marijuana, they can’t or won’t stop.
      • Marijuana can keep you from doing and being your
        best.  

    What is Cannabidiol (CBD)?

    • Cannabidiol (CBD) is chemical that comes from the cannabis plant that does not contain THC.
    • CBD is often used to treat epilepsy, anxiety and chronic pain.
    • Side effects of CBD include tiredness, dry mouth, diarrhea, nausea and changes in appetite.
    • CBD is not approved by the FDA.
      • It can be very dangerous to purchase items that don’t have FDA approval because there is always a chance of unlisted (e.g. extra) ingredients.
      • In one study, more than 25% of products tested contained less CBD than advertised and THC, the active ingredient in marijuana, was found in over 20% of tested products.

    Additional Resources

    Marijuana Facts - NIDA
    Smart Approaches to Marijuana 
    Marijuana Harmless? Think Again. 
    The Impact of Marijuana Legalization - (Powerpoint Presentation)